An update to the NIH data sharing policy of 2003 goes into effect January 25, 2023. Under the new policy, NIH expects investigators and institutions to
For the purposes of the policy, scientific data is "data commonly accepted in the scientific community as of sufficient quality to validate and replicate research findings, regardless of whether the data are used to support scholarly publications."
While not in the policy itself, the FAIR data principles occur in some supporting documents and resources and are generally useful as a baseline for curating data for publication and preservation. The FAIR data principles state that data should be: