“Lakota philosophy is usually changed in the written record to conform to Western beliefs and understanding. . . This has happened to us repeatedly and is another reason I don’t uses books for my resources.”
– Albert White Hat, Life’s Journey Zuya, pg. 30
Anthropologists, historians, and other scholars have a long history of altering tribal stories and histories to fit western standards. As a result, many print sources contain inaccurate and biased information about tribes. Just because a book/article is “peer-reviewed” does not automatically mean that it is a credible or reliable source. Because many Native American texts have been colonized, it is important for students to carefully consider and critically interrogate every source they use to support their argument. A fact that is true of all sources!
As you examine and evaluate primary and secondary sources about (and even by) Native Americans, please remember:
Sarah Raquel Hernandez
Assistant Professor, English Department