In addition to Googling and using the Wikipedia (which are great for getting background info on something new to you, but which should not be cited in a scholarly paper), try these library sources to find background information:
Economic, political, historical, and geographic profiles of territories, countries, and global regions.Includes contact information for political, business, media, and cultural agencies and officials. Coverage: 2006-present.
Digitized books that provide descriptions and analysis of the historical setting and the social, economic, and political systems and institutions of 80+ countries. Originally sponsored by the U.S. Army and written by researchers affiliated with the LoC’s Federal Research Division. Coverage: 1986-2015.