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CBE 101

Avoiding Plagiarism

UNM Plagiarism Policy: http://www.unm.edu/~unmvclib/handouts/somplagiarism.pdf 


What is plagiarism?

Plagiarism is when you:

  • Copy from published sources without adequate documentation
  • Cut and paste (words or images) from a browser or .pdf and don’t give credit
  • Change every 5th word and don’t give credit
  • Change pronouns (he/she/they) and don’t give credit
  • Purchase and submit pre-written papers
  • Use work completed for another class
  • Let someone else write your paper

 

How to avoid plagiarizing

This guidance can be straightforward to understand, but harder to practice: 

  • Always cite your sources, both in the text of the document and in the references list
  • Learn how to quote and paraphrase effectively
  • Use published sources
  • Use a citation manager like Zotero or Mendeley
  • Give yourself enough time to cite correctly

Take Care with Paraphrasing

Original Source

Differentiation as an instructional approach promotes a balance between a student's style and a student's ability. Differentiated instruction provides the student with options for processing and internalizing the content, and for constructing new learning in order to progress academically.

 

Plagiarized

Differentiation is a way to encourage equality between the approach and talent of the student (Thompson, 2009). This type of instruction gives students different ways to deal with and grasp information, and for establishing new learning to move on in education (Thompson, 2009).

 

Not Plagiarized

Teachers use differentiated instruction to help students learn, allowing the teacher to cater lessons to the way each student learns and each student's skill (Thompson, 2009).

 

Example from Walden University Writing Center. Want more? Watch their video on the paraphrasing process

Sample ACS In-Text Citations

Original passage from page 51 of Cathy O'Neil’s 2016 book Weapons of Math Destruction:  U.S. News’s first data-driven ranking came out in 1988, and the results seemed sensible. However, as the ranking grew into a national standard, a vicious feedback loop materialized. The trouble was that the rankings were self-reinforcing. If a college fared badly in U.S. News, its reputation would suffer, and conditions would deteriorate. Top students would avoid it, as would top professors. Alumni would howl and cut back on contributions. The ranking would tumble further. The ranking, in short, was destiny.


Recommended ACS Style: 

O'Neil (2) claims that low college rankings have caused schools' reputations and conditions to worsen.

OR

Using college rankings to select a school may not be as rational as it first appears given that rankings have proven self-reinforcing (2).

Hands-on Practice

Use the information below to practice writing a citation into the text of a research paper. Provide a sentence or two using the excerpt from the book chapter below provided by paraphrasing or summarizing the authors' ideas.

Use the form embedded below to submit your work.


Book chapter title: Sustainability in Mining
Authors: J.H.L. Voncken and M.W.N. Buxton
Book: Critical Materials: Underlying Causes and Sustainable Mitigation Strategies
Page number: pp. 251–263
Year published: 2019 
Quotation from page 256:

Mine waste includes solid waste, mine water, dust from mining, and waste from mineral processing (solid waste, process water, dust particles). Their composition can vary significantly, and so does their potential for environmental contamination. Waste management plans are required to design and build appropriate storage facilities for the large amounts of waste produced at most mining sites. This includes rock waste dumps for rocks that had to be excavated, but are not mineralized, and tailing ponds for wastewater from mineral processing plants.

Using the proverb “prevention is better than cure”, it is more economical and more effective to prevent pollution than to clean it up later. Therefore dedicated plans should be made for handling the anticipated waste before the mining operation starts.